39th week of gestation: fetal development, its weight, movement
For this week, the child has time to gain weight up to three and a half kilograms and reach a length of up to 52 cm. It already occupies the position that remains until the birth, the main part of the pelvic floor. At this time, the diameter of its head is approximately 92.5 mm, the volumes of the breast and abdomen are 97.8 and 101.3 mm, respectively.
In the head, between the bones of the skull, remain fontanelki, areas formed by the tissue of the cartilage. This allows the bones to remain flexible and deform easily as they pass through the birth canal. Now the proportion of body parts has changed slightly, now the child’s head is only a quarter of its total length. Feathers and legs more developed. All this time, while the growth of the baby’s body stopped due to the desiccation of the placenta, his limbs continued to grow actively.
Now your baby can distinguish objects 30 cm from the eyes and reacts to movement. Naturally, he hears and distinguishes sounds. But he came to these stages a little earlier, during the last month.
At week 39, the placenta continues to lose weight to 34.65 mm. Due to the deterioration of the metabolic processes in him, the child feels some lack of oxygen. In other words, hypoxia.
39th week of gestation: feelings of the woman
The last two weeks you have been waiting for the birth. You constantly listen to your feelings and worry that until now nothing has changed. However, it is worth preparing the things you will need in the hospital. Prepare your passport, insurance certificate and change card in advance. Without it, you have the right to be sent alone to the infectious disease ward of the maternity hospital. Your task is to stay calm and just calm down.
You noticed that your stomach is visibly low. This is a sign that birth is coming soon. The lower part of the uterus remains at a height of 35 cm from the pubic symphysis. But, no matter how focused you are on your feelings, keep counting the child’s movements every day. At this time, the danger of fetal hypoxia. Normally, there should still be around ten per day.
Although you are theoretically well prepared for childbirth, you still have doubts about whether you can understand in time when contractions begin and act correctly. Often, the first sign of an approaching delivery is the removal of the mucous plug, which until then closed the entrance to the uterus. It happens that shortly before giving birth, you notice a more frequent urination. Sometimes, the amniotic fluid begins to flow first, and only a little later the first contractions appear. The tone of the uterus begins to increase, but understanding it at the level of sensations is not always possible. Another thing that you can hardly confuse. At first they are irregular, but after a while they repeat themselves. And then enter into regular contractions after a certain interval of time. This is actually the beginning of childbirth.
At the same time, it can cause nausea, annoying aches in the lower back and tearing pains in the perineum.
Sometimes, the first irregular contractions may appear a few days before delivery. Immediately in the first individual contractions do not necessarily go to the hospital. But if the amniotic fluid, you need to call immediately. Do you remember that there is a very high risk of infection in the uterus at this time? If the contractions become cyclical, repeating at regular intervals several times in a row, it’s time to go.
39th week of pregnancy: secretion of the genital tract
Even in the last two weeks, pay attention to the nature of the discharge. They say when something goes wrong. With the least change in color and smell, it is worth trying. And, if necessary, take treatment measures. Clean birth canal – among other things, the baby’s health guarantee.
At this time, the mucus plug may come off; You can see it in the discharge as a lump of mucus, possibly with blood. This is the sign of an approaching birth: now the entrance to the womb is opened. Copious watery discharges that most likely noticed amniotic fluid. Even if you do not feel any pain at the same time, you should call an ambulance.
As before, the blood in the secretion can speak of placental detachment. The danger of this for the life of the child and the mother is extremely high, until the death of the fetus. Therefore, immediately, without delay, call a doctor.
39th week of pregnancy: nutrition of pregnant women
Fun, but true: when the uterus descends and the stomach acquires a lightness long forgotten, a good appetite appears. In addition to this, the waiting continues: when? Therefore, a woman, shortly before birth, always wants to eat. But overeating, especially before delivery, is not worth it. On the contrary, we even recommend unloading the intestines as much as possible.
If you have something you need right now: a lot of protein. And this is dairy products, including cottage cheese, fish. A large amount of carbohydrates – all kinds of pap. And fiber, which improves intestinal function: bread, vegetables and fruits.
39th week of gestation: preparation for childbirth
While you still have a few days before birth, dedicate it to something nice. Whether chatting with friends, relaxing, going to nature or watching their favorite movies, reading books. Anything that brings you joy will do. Because a lot depends on your mood. The more benevolent you are tuned in, the happier and more enjoyable the events that you will attract in your life.
Such is the proven secret.
39th week of gestation Ultrasound
At this time, the baby is ready for birth. In the image you can see the amniotic fluid, the placenta, the umbilical cord. In short, it is almost the same as the child himself. All your systems and organs are already formed and are capable of ensuring the life of an individual organism.
Detailed video 39 weeks of gestation